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Betta Fish Care: Only Guide You’ll Ever Need

Betta Splendens is the scientific name for the Betta Fish. Siamese Fighting Fish is another name for them. They are Asian in origin and were once maintained for their fighting abilities. They arrived in the United States for the first time in 1927. Bettas are now mostly kept for their looks. They’ve been selectively bred into various colors and tail forms over the years. In the freshwater hobby, they are now known as designer fish.

Betta Splendens is a species of Betta that may be found in the wild in Southeast Asia. They are native to places that are subjected to regular floods. As a result, they experience periods of severe drought. Betta developed into a labyrinth fish as a result. A labyrinth is a fish that can receive oxygen from the air and its grills. As a result of this adaptation, Bettas can live outside of water for brief periods and breathe air surrounding them as long as they keep moist.

“Bet-tah” is how Betta is pronounced. “Bay-tah” is a popular pronunciation among newcomers. They got their name from the ancient Asian warrior clan “Bettah.” Thailand is where they were discovered. Their Thai name is Iken Bettah, which means “biting fish” in English. Siamese fighting fish is another name for them. This name was derived from the term Siam, which was Thailand’s previous name. They were well-known for their combat in the mid-nineteenth century. The popularity of the combat sport grew to the point where the King of Thailand had to regulate and tax it. On the other hand, the sports events were judged on the courage of the fish versus the amount of harm they did to their opponent.

Betta Fish Male and Female Differences:

When it comes to Betta Fish, males and females are very different. Males have more vibrant colors and bigger fins. Females have shorter fins and a duller color scheme. Male Siamese fighting fish have a torpedo-shaped body and a bigger body. On the underside of a female’s body, there is also an Ovipositor. These are small egg-releasing containers.

Most Important Factors To Consider When Caring For Betta Fish

The following elements will be divided into care for a Betta Fish:

1. Housing.

2. Filtration.

3. Heating.

4. Decor.

5. Diet.

6. Tank Companions.

Betta Fish Tank (Installation)

A 5-gallon aquarium is an ideal place to start for a Betta. You might be surprised by this remark because you’ve probably seen a lot of “Betta tanks” on sale at your local pet store. Many of them are far smaller than they should be.

I recommend that anyone who intends to keep a Betta Fish for a long time invest in a good 5-gallon Aquarium. It can be the one offered by Marineland. Betta fish require a large tank to thrive, and you want the best for your pet. Invest in a suitable aquarium for your fish so that they may thrive.

In addition, we wish to keep the proportion of male bettas in our aquariums to a minimum. Unless we use tank separators to keep our male bettas isolated, we should only have one male Betta in our aquarium. More than 5 liters of water will be needed to keep more than one male. Multiple male bettas are best housed in a 20-gallon tank. 3 to 4 are optimal in a 20-gallon tank utilizing the 1 betta for every 5 gallons strategy.

Filtration for Betta Fish Tanks

Betta fish are not ideally fed in a fish tank, despite what you may see at retail pet stores. We want their tanks to be purified. Because a fish tank without a filter requires a water change every 2 to 3 days, this will make it easier to maintain. This may quickly get tedious! We want maintenance to be a simple task rather than a large undertaking. If you have sufficient filtration, your fish tank and your Betta will benefit from a proper nitrogen cycle. This will reduce the number of times you need to change the water each month. It will provide a healthier environment for your Betta to develop and thrive. If you are not utilizing an aquarium kit or an all-in-one tank, I would advise a Power Filter. A Penn Plex Power Filter or an Aqua Clear Power Filter is the ideal power filter for a tiny tank-like these. Both firms produce power filters in this size, and both are customizable.

Keep in mind that even if you use a power filter, you must still safeguard your Betta. Bettas are recognized for their delicate fins and inquisitive nature. It’s typical for them to get pulled into a filter or have one of their fins injured by mistake. You’ll want to put a sponge over the filter’s intake and modify the flow to make it calmer and more ideal for the Betta. Bettas like calmer waters. Certain power filters on the market are built for applications requiring a greater gallon per hour flow rate. Allow your Betta to acclimate to the flow by lowering the temperature. A low-flow canister is another option, such as the Aquael Multikani.

Bettas and Water (bettas and tap water)

Due to the fact that Siamese fighting fish are labyrinth fish, it is a frequent fallacy that they may be placed in any water. While we can utilize tap water, we must ensure that it is proper. Water from the tap should be chlorinated using a water conditioner like Seachem Prime. Chlorine, hazardous compounds, ammonia, and nitrite are all removed from your tap by water conditioners like Seachem Prime.

Never submerge a Betta in plain tap water. You keep your fish safe, be sure to dechlorinate tap water.

Betta Fish Tank Water Temperature

It may not appear so because most of these Betta are sold in bowls or shallow tanks at pet stores. However, they are essentially tropical fish. They like water temperatures between 75 and 82 degrees, with 78 degrees being the ideal temperature. Eheim heaters are among the most dependable heaters available and are well worth considering. Neo Therm Warmers are also fantastic. They have a smaller footprint, so they’ll fit in all-in-one tank chambers and function better with smaller Betta Fish tanks. Both heaters are the most precise in our business, accurate to 1 degree of water temperature.

I would also strongly advise you to purchase a Digital Thermometer to supplement your heater’s internal thermometer. You may purchase an Aquarium Heater Thermostat for a more reliable water temperature control system if you have the financial means.

Decorations for Betta Fish Tanks

When it comes to Betta Fish, there are two types of decor: plants and hardscape (rocks and branches). When it comes to plants, we must be extremely picky about what we place in our Betta Fishtank. It’s especially artificial plants.

We wish to get silk plants as the Marina Naturals Plant displayed above for our Bettas. Traditional plastic plants are unsuitable for Betta Fish, such as those seen in pet stores. Many will have sharp edges that will not yield if the Betta runs into them. It causes the Betta Fish’s delicate fins to be ripped apart, resulting in damage and infection. Suppose we’re going to buy artificial plants. In that case, we should avoid the hard plastic plants as much as possible to protect our Betta’s delicate fins.

When it comes to hardscaping, we need to be cautious of sharp edges, such as rocks. Soft or circular hardscaping is required for Betta Fish. You should be able to run your fingers across the hardscape without catching them. 

If your fingers get trapped, you’ll have harsh edges that might harm your Betta. Consider sanding down the hardscape or choosing a different one.

Another thing to watch for when it comes to Betta decorations is rocks and other hardscaping with many little holes. Betta fish have a proclivity for being trapped or stuck in holes. The best options are smooth spherical rocks or rocks with wider holes so your Betta will not get trapped in them.

Betta Fish Diet (How to Feed Your Betta Fish)

A Betta Fish is a colorful fish with many different colors. We want to feed our pet Betta a high-quality diet for these colors to show up at their finest. Frozen food comes first, followed by fried dried pellets. Finally, there’s flake food in today’s activity. Because we want to be picky about what we feed our Betta fish, I’ll assist with the breakdown. Let’s get your Betta, some of the greatest food there is.

Frozen food ranks first on our list because it offers some of the highest-quality blends and mixtures. Frozen meals will be the one food that you will have trouble finding online. Even if you do locate it, shipping expenses might be prohibitively high. Pick these up locally to help yourself and your local shop. Frozen blood worms, black worms, and daphnia are all good options. All of these items may be obtained in your local pet store.

Then there’s freeze-drying. I would recommend freeze-dried Bloodworms or Blackworms for freeze-drying. The amazing thing about freeze-dried foods is that they will absorb vitamin supplements because they are dehydrated meals. To improve your Betta’s immune system and keep them healthy, consider supplementing their food with a product like VitaChem. A healthy blend of VitaChem and Blackworms is an excellent way to feed your betta fish.

It’s important to note that we don’t promote brine shrimp as a food source in this blog article.

Before offering your Betta pellet fish, make sure it’s been presoaked. This stops the pellets from growing in your Betta’s stomach and creating bloat or constipation. Vitamins can also be soaked into pellet food.

I’m not a big fan of flake food. Many forms of flake food in our sector are just unsuitable for our fish, and vitamin soaking is difficult. I would recommend a flake food containing probiotics if you want to feed your betta fish flake food. Cobalt Aquatics Tropical Fish Color Formula is one such flake food that springs to mind.

It’s a flake food high in probiotics and one of the popular flake foods I’m comfortable suggesting. You may have noticed that I didn’t include live food in this Betta food topic. This is because living food has both advantages and disadvantages. The biggest advantage of live food is feeding your Betta live bacterial cultures. These are valuable nutrients for your fish. They may significantly increase the lifespan and quality of life of your pet.

However, there are significant disadvantages to eating live food. The most serious problem is sickness, as well as low-quality live food. If you’re planning to offer live meals to your Betta fish, you’ll need to do your homework. If you truly want them, it might be best to cultivate them yourself or find a reputable shop that offers them. 

I would suggest blackworms as a portion of live food. If you’re prepared to chop them up, earthworms are another natural source you may get from your garden and give to your Betta.

Another live food to consider is micro worms. If you’re prepared to put in the effort, you can culture all three at home. Below is a video from AquaStudent that demonstrates how to keep blackworms. Given how much you can grow, it’s probably more applicable to Keeping Cichlids. Still, I wanted to include it for your reference. You can have success with live food if you take care of it. It’s just not something I would rule out for a novice.

What Do Betta Fish Eat?

Betta fish are carnivores by nature and need high-protein pellets or frozen meals like brine shrimp and blood worms to survive. The best diet would be as near to their native diet as possible, which consisted of tiny insects and larvae.

A diversified and high-protein food is essential for a healthy Betta fish diet.

As a daily food source, you can use a Betta-specific floating pellet-like this one from Amazon. A floatable pellet will allow your betta fish to eat on the surface. You may give your Betta a handful of these as a special treat now and then:

  • Krill 
  • Shrimp 
  • Bloodworms 
  • Brine shrimp (frozen or dry)

Feeding your Betta fish live food can be entertaining to see and fun treats for them. It’s usually best to stick to frozen or dry feeds because live food has a higher chance of parasite outbreak.

Betta Fish Tank Companion Recommendations:

  • Neon Tetras:

Tetras have a proclivity for nipping. However, neon tetras like to adhere to their groups and keep to themselves. It makes them an excellent Betta partner.

  • Blue Gourami:

Betta fish are a great tank companion for blue gouramis. They are closely related and have similar nutritional needs and aquarium environments.

Blue gouramis require at least 20 liters of water, so these two will probably get along as long as you have adequate room.

  • African Dwarf Frogs:

Even though it is not a fish, the African dwarf frog is a highly recommended tank buddy. Because they consume the same thing, make sure they have adequate food.

  • Pictus Catfish:

Catfish like the Pictus Catfish stay out of the way and clear the algae off the tank’s bottom.

Female Bettas get along well with other fish. They can happily share a tank with various species as long as they have their group of female Bettas.

We recommend at least 5 females because they love to live in groups. Stick to odd numbers since female Bettas like to dominate each other. Therefore an odd number helps them to build a hierarchy.

Common Betta Fish Diseases

Diseases are a standard feature of both the undersea and terrestrial worlds. They can’t be avoided entirely. Periodically, we all have to cope with outbreaks of them.

Learn about the many types of frequent betta fish ailments. It will enable you to immediately identify the problem and conduct more studies on how to treat it. Almost all ailments in aquariums may be healed with a few simple changes and medications.

The following are some of the most frequent Betta fish illnesses to be aware of:

Name of the disease and symptoms that are common to it

  • Fin Rot occurs when the fins get frayed and damaged. Lethargy.
  • White dots appear on the body of the person who has contracted ich.
  • White cotton-like growth on the body and fins of Cotton Fin Fungus.
  • Infections caused by bacteria cause the scales to become red and irritated. Eyes that are cloudy and lack vitality.

How Do I Determine the Health of My Betta Fish?

The following are common indicators that your Betta fish is healthy and thriving:

  • A huge appetite 
  • Vibrant colors 
  • Fast, lively movements 
  • Interacting with you at the surface 
  • A huge appetite 
  • Aggressive responses to unidentified stimuli

The following are common symptoms of a sick Betta fish:

  • A lack of appetite 
  • Lack of energy and an overall lack of drive
  • Curved, withering fins and tail 
  • Abnormal swimming 
  • A lack of appetite 

Follow the instructions in this betta fish care guide. It will provide you with all you need to keep your betta fish healthy and prevent (or at the very least reduce) the health concerns described above.

Conclusion

Once you understand how to care for betta fish properly, you will discover that it is not difficult. Keep the betta fish stress-free and healthy. Ensure routine monitoring and testing of the water quality and temperature. Look out for the pH level and betta fish behavior. The tank maintenance must also be in place. They deserve the right to live longer. Thus proper care is crucial.

FAQs

Q. What is the average lifespan of betta fish?

Bettas may live for 3-5 years if properly cared for.

Q. Can Betta fish coexist with other aquarium fish?

Male bettas should be housed in separate aquariums or as the only Betta in a community aquarium with other non-aggressive fish. In a communal aquarium, female bettas can be kept. Females and males bettas should not be kept together.

Q. How often should my betta fish be fed?

Bettas should be fed simply what they can swallow in 1-2 minutes once a day. To avoid negatively impacting the water quality, uneaten food should be removed from the aquarium.

Q. Is it possible for male and female betta fish to live together?

It is not advisable to keep male and female bettas together, as they may tolerate one other but grow aggressive and fight.

Q. What causes Betta fish to fight?

Betta fish struggle to create territories and compete for resources like food and female access.

Q. Is it possible to have more than one betta fish in a tank?

Male bettas must be kept apart from females. They can live happily in a community aquarium of 10 gallons or more if there are no aggressive fish. Examples include tiger barbs or giant danios. They’re fish that bettas may grow violent toward, such as fancy guppies. Female bettas can be kept with other fish in the community or other female bettas. A minimum of 15 gallons with several hiding spots is needed for keeping a female betta sorority.

Q. Can I keep two female betta fish at the same time?

Female bettas are more tolerant of one another than males, although they frequently fight in congested community aquariums. A minimum of 15 gallons with several hiding spots is needed for keeping a female betta sorority.

By Coricia

Marketing manager and co-Chief Editor of Maritime Herald.