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Mexicali, BC. Considering that in Mexico the measures to protect the sea vaquita are insufficient, the United States government prohibited the import of fish and shellfish caught in the Upper Gulf of California.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of the United States published the notification yesterday (March 9), based on the Marine Mammal Protection Act, according to a document distributed to business bodies in Baja California.
In addition to this measure, it was announced that the Mexican authorities will be required to have the “permit certificate” stating that the products to be imported were not caught in this area, nor prohibited fishing gear was used to obtain them.
Among the prohibited fishing gear are the shrimp trawl, small and large vessel; the suripera shrimp net; the purse seine net; the hook and line for the saw; the trawl net for small ships; the fence network for curvina; as well as the fence network for sardine and curvina, of ship in two presentations.
During the administration of the now former president Carlos Salinas de Gortari (1988-1994), the Biosphere Reserve of the Upper Gulf of California was established, in whose core zone the fishing of the curbine was prohibited, a species that reproduces in the area ; Vicente Fox (2000-2006) endorsed the fishing ban to protect the curbina and the vaquita; with Enrique Peña Nieto in the government (2012-2018), fishermen from the port of San Felipe were banned from capturing the marine vaquina and totoaba.
These public policies caused an adverse impact of the fishing activity that affected the Cucapá community and the fishermen of San Felipe, in addition to increasing the poaching of totoaba for its commercial value in Asian markets.
Source: La Jornada