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Direct and indirect CO₂ emissions from the port activity of Barcelona represent some 315,000 tons / year, according to first estimates of the port of the Catalan capital made following the methodologies accepted by experts internationally. This figure is therefore “very far from the data of more than 5.3 million tons of CO₂ emissions that the Barcelona City Council yesterday imputed to the port in a press conference of Janet Sanz, deputy mayor of Ecology, Urban Planning, Infrastructure and Mobility, and Eloi Badia, councilor for Climate Emergency and Ecological Transition,” the Port Authority said in a statement.
According to the calculations made by the port of Barcelona , of the 315,000 tons per year of CO₂ that come from the activity carried out at the port, 215,000 tons come from ships, including those derived from the funding, maneuver and stay of these ships in port; around 80,000 tons of CO₂ correspond to the electricity consumption of all the facilities inside the port, and the remaining 20,000 tons of CO₂ come from the emissions of vehicles, both light and heavy, terminal machinery and industry. Therefore, the port of Barcelona “emits 10 times less CO2 than the city of Barcelona which, according to data from the City Council, annually emits 3,413,260 million tons of CO₂,” explains a statement from the Catalan port.
“These data clearly contrast with those made public by the Barcelona City Council, figures that add up all the trips made on its international sea routes by container ships, ferries and cruise ships that have operated, in a year, once to the port. That is, it attributes to the port of the Catalan capital the CO2 emissions that a container ship emits, for example, when it crosses the Suez Canal or when it climbs in the Far East ports. In this sense, the CO₂ emissions that a ship emits in Shanghai and that after 23 days will stop in Barcelona cannot be computed as emissions from the port of Barcelona. In any case, the port computes those generated by this vessel while in Barcelona.
In the graph that accompanied the explanations of the City Council, where it was reflected that the city of Barcelona annually emits 3,413,260 million tons, in the column of emissions attributable to the port there are two strips that represent the emissions of the “ships within the port area ”And those corresponding to“ port activities ”, which only occupy 6.3% of the entire column of emissions attributable to the port. “These would be, in any case, the actual CO2 emissions attributable to the port activity that takes place in the Catalan capital,” adds the port.
In the column of emissions corresponding to the city, “Barcelona City Council itself recognizes that CO₂ emissions derived from port activity represent about 8% of all attributable emissions in the city of Barcelona. That is, the CO₂ emissions in Barcelona derived from the port activity are significantly lower than the total emissions of the city, ”adds the entity chaired by Mercè Conesa.
“The City Council of Barcelona is charging the emissions of all international logistics and transport chains to the port activity where ships that have stopped at the port in a year, therefore, offer figures that do not reflect direct emissions and indirect hints of the port activity and that are within the scope of the port of Barcelona ”, continues the Port Authority.
“The port of Barcelona has a firm commitment to sustainability, both environmental and economic and social, a commitment that has made us develop in recent years numerous projects to decarbonize port activity and minimize harmful emissions to the health of the citizens ”, according to the entity.
“In this sense,” said the statement of the Port Authority, “we must remember that the intermodal strategy promoted by the port of the Catalan capital in favor of rail transport and short sea shipping has reduced the negative impacts by 76% – air pollution, global warming, noise, accidents, congestion and infrastructure cost – compared to the same volume of cargo transported by road ”.
On the other hand, “in 2014 the port of Barcelona launched, together with terminals and other operators, the BCN Zero Carbon project, which consists of inventorying greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from activities closely related to the passage of goods through the port, reduce them to the maximum and compensate for those that cannot be, with the aim of achieving a neutral port in emissions ”.
“The port of Barcelona has been working for a long time on all the demands that Barcelona City Council made yesterday in relation to greater environmental sustainability of the port activity and other projects: electrification of docks to connect ships during their stay in port; photovoltaic and wind renewable energy generation in the port area; promotion of zero emission mobility fuels for the mobility of goods; impulse of base port cruises; construction of the new rail accesses or the incorporation of emission reduction plans in the future plans of the port of Barcelona ”, affirms the Catalan infrastructure.
At the moment, the port of Barcelona is in a position to achieve a reduction of at least 50% of direct and indirect GHG emissions in 2030.
“The port of Barcelona asks the City Council to rectify since it is posing in question an activity that generates 41,000 jobs and 1.7% of Catalonia’s GDP,” concludes the Port Authority.
Source: Diario el Canal