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It is not any discovery. If finding an old ship in perfect condition in the icy waters of the Baltic Sea is already surprising, if that ship is 500 years old, from the time of Christopher Columbus, we are facing an amazing finding.
Apparently, archaeologists found an almost intact shipwreck, without being disturbed for hundreds of years if we consider that we would have to go back to the Renaissance, more or less in the late fifteenth or early sixteenth centuries, when Columbus or Leonardo da Vinci lived .
As for the origin, the researchers are not clear, so much so that they have called it Okänt Skepp, “unknown ship” in Swedish. According to maritime archaeologist Rodrigo Pacheco-Ruiz, from the marine inspection company MMT:
“It’s almost as if it sank yesterday, with the masts in place and the hull intact. Even on the main deck there is an incredibly rare find: the tender boat, used to transport the crew to and from the ship, supported by the main mast. It is a really amazing sight.”
Archaeologists say that the first clues emerged in 2009, 140 meters below the surface of those brackish waters, when a side-scan sonar from the Swedish Maritime Administration revealed something out of the ordinary.
However, it was not until a decade later, earlier this year, that the full meaning of the accident was revealed. For this, they inspected the seabed before installing a natural gas pipeline. In this way, coming out of the gloom, they found the ship.
To study it in greater detail they deployed vehicles operated by remote control (ROV) from the deck of the Stril Explorer. These were used to conduct a photogrammetric study of the sunken vessel, providing detailed high-resolution 3D models that researchers could study in depth.
The ship is about 16-18 meters long, just slightly smaller than the flagship of Columbus, the Santa Maria (19 meters). The hull and the masts were also intact along with some of the rigging. The same happened with the bowsprit. Even the winch and the bilge pump were partially preserved.
How? The team attributes the level of conservation to the cold, slightly salty and hypoxic waters of the deepest waters of the Baltic Sea; a less hospitable environment for marine life that would normally devastate a sunken wooden ship.
By the way, the wrecked ship is of great historical importance. Not only is it more intact than other sunken ships in the Baltic, but it is also the oldest found.
Now we just have to know the other part of the mystery, why did it sink?
Source: ES Gizmodo