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60 years ago in the city of Nikolayev, the first large Komsomolets Ukraini anti-submarine ship of project 61 entered the shipyard. These ships were intended to intercept the submarine’s submarines in the area near the coasts of the Soviet Union. Follow with Sputnik the story of the living legend of the Russian Navy.
In the 50s, the deep modernization of the US submarine Navy included cruise missiles and nuclear propulsion systems capable of approaching the rival’s coasts to make a long-term patrol. In addition, US air forces were more likely to beat maritime targets. In response to the new challenges, in the mid-50s, a patrol car with anti-aircraft and anti-submarine systems began to be developed . Henceforth, the ship received the name of ‘large anti-submarine ship’.
The advantages of the ship were obvious. The gas turbine propulsion system with more than 70,000 horsepower provided the 4,000-ton displacement vessels with the high capacity to navigate and maneuver. The maximum speed reached 35 knots. It took only a few minutes to start the gas turbine engines at full speed.
The flagship of the Komsomolets Ukraini project entered the Nikolayev shipyard on September 15, 1969. In two years it was delivered to the fleet for testing. For the crew of 250 people, the most comfortable conditions were created: the cabins had ventilation and conditioning systems which allowed them to act in difficult climates. The direct length corridor along most of the ship ensured access to most enclosures without having to leave the deck.
Air defense systems were the point of special attention by engineers. The M-1 Volna anti-aircraft system was developed. Two systems with two directed missiles were located in the bow and stern. The two-stage solid fuel missiles were equipped with a 60 kilos warhead with thousands of destructive elements. Volna reached the target that was maneuvering at a speed of 600 meters per second at the height of up to ten kilometers. It should be noted that the ship was firing at a speed exceeding 30 knots.
Special mortars repelled airstrikes through passive radar reflectors. One more advantage over the anti-submarines of that time was the airstrip for the Ka-25 helicopter.
The new ship’s anti-submarine armament contained two types of rocket launchers RBU-6000 and RBU-1000. The two RBU-6000 ammunition module, equipped with 12 guns, had more than 190 projectiles that were loaded and unloaded automatically. When detecting the submarine, the military responsible for the system needed only 90 seconds to launch the mechanism that launched projectiles on a ballistic path with a range of up to six kilometers. The submarine was reached about 450 meters deep.
The RBU-1000 was a six-barrel rocket launcher of heavy caliber. The warhead provided 80 kilos of explosives and the power of the 300 mm projectiles was much stronger than that of the RBU-6000.
Twenty-six anti-submarine ships of Project 61 were manufactured and entered into service of the Soviet Union Fleet before the 70s of the last century. Ten ships patrolled the Black Sea, the rest were distributed among the North, Pacific and Baltic Fleets.
The modernization aimed at providing the antisubmarine with stronger weapons and new generation radar equipment, increasing displacement and navigation autonomy, was already done during its construction. At the end of the 80s five modernized ships of the series were delivered to the naval forces of India.
There were many plans to modernize and use the antisubmarines of this series, but all remained in wet paper after the dissolution of the USSR. 18 of these ships were scrapped. The only ‘lucky’ was the Smetlivi, one of the last ships of this series that managed to modernize. This ship does the service in the Black Sea. In addition, despite his ‘advanced age’, he participates in training exercises.
Source: mundo sputnik news