Who Would Win a United States-Russia Naval War?

A vice admiral of the Navy analyzes the current operation of both fleets. The new Yasen submarines can be decisive

Far away are the times of the Cold War, in which both Russia and the United States looked each other in the eye when controlling the seas of the entire planet. The fall of the USSR gave the United States world naval control, but the resurgence of the Kremlin fleet could embarrass the US Navy. A vice admiral of the Spanish Navy analyzes the current situation of both fleets.

Even when there is no danger of close confrontation for both powers, the reality is that we are facing a period of resurgence of the naval forces, both in quantity of ships and in quality,” says the Spanish Vice Admiral in the 2nd Reserve Julio Albert Ferrero in an article published in the latest issue of the Navy’s internal publication ‘Cuadernos de Pensamiento Naval’.

The first step of Vice Admiral Albert Ferrero’s analysis is to analyze the current composition of both fleets.

 On the American side:

– 11 aircraft carriers and one in project.

– 14 ballistic submarines (SSBN), 4 missile submarines (SSGN), 53 nuclear attack submarines (SSN) and 13 under construction.

– 22 cruises Ticonderoga class.

– 76 destroyers, Arleigh Burke class (four of them deployed in Rota).

– 32 frigates of the Freedom and Independence classes.

– 64 corvettes

–69 coastal patrol boats.

–2 command ships.

– 14 minesweepers.

On the Russian side:

– Spoiler Admiral Kuznetsov.

– A nuclear cruiser Peter the Great, a nuclear cruiser Kirov, a nuclear cruiser Admiral Nakhimov, three Mostka class cruisers and one Kerch class cruiser.

–10 Sovremeny class destroyers, 8 Udaloy class destroyers.

– 12 frigates of different classes: Admiral Gorshkov, Krivac, Neustrashimy and Tartars.

– 64 corvettes.

–17 Nuclear ballistic submarines (SSBN): eight Borey class, one Typhoon class, six class D-IV, two class D-III

– Nuclear missile submersibles (SSGN): four Oscar-III class, two Sierra class, and five Severodvinsk projects (the so-called Yasen Project)

– Fifteen submarines of the Akula class (SSN), fifteen submarines (SSN) of the class Akula I and II, one submarine (SSN) class Sierra (Barracuda), two submarines (SSN) of the class Sierra, eleven submarines (SSK) Kilo class, eight submarines (SSK) Scorpene class.

Operability and deployment

To establish the balance of forces, the author of the article analyzes the organization of both fleets with an emphasis on the 10 attack groups in which the North American aircraft carriers are grouped, facing the only aircraft carrier available to Russia.

In this sense, the author analyzes based on statements by Russian officials, Moscow lost control of the seas and oceans of the world when the Soviet Union fell. All in spite of the fact that Russia is building a new aircraft carrier, the Shtorn, which will be able to transport 90 aircraft and a large number of cruise missiles.

Ships ‘invisible’ vs submarines ‘mataportaaviones’

If there are two elements to consider in both sides before a hypothetical confrontation, these are the North American destroyers Zumwalt and the future submarines 885M ‘Yasen’ Russians.

As for the first, considered today the most modern destroyer in the world, highlights its technology and design of inclined planes to divert the electromagnetic impulses of enemy radars, which has earned the qualification of ‘invisible’. It will also be equipped with two 155mm electromagnetic guns, whose main advance is that they are capable of firing without gunpowder.

On the Russian side, the development of submarines of the class 885M ‘Yasen’ is one of the great hopes of Moscow regarding its naval capabilities. The Russian submarine weapon, as claimed by the author, was left semi-abandoned after the fall of the Soviet regime and suffered a great moral blow with the collapse of the Kursk.

But with the future commissioning of the ‘Yasen’, the Russian underwater fleet can overturn the situation of American dominance. These ships have managed to be ” ultra-quiet ” thanks to the coating of their hull, capable of absorbing ultrasonic impulses from sonars. In fact, says the author, the ‘Yasen’ have already been baptized in the US Navy as the ‘ aircraft carrier killers’ for their extraordinary ability to hide from enemy radars.

The result of a confrontation between the Seawolf and the Yasen, the two quieter submarines of both fleets, is presumed ” uncertain.” “This shows that today the ultra-quiet submarine has the tactical advantage over any surface unit.”

American bases against Russian bases

It is an undoubtedly important criterion when determining the prevalence of the North American fleet against the Russian one. According to the analysis, the US. Navy has 9 territorial bases, as well as another 14 distributed throughout the world and 51 other naval aviation support stations.

On the Russian side, all its bases are territorial, distributed in the Arctic Ocean, the Baltic Sea, the Mediterranean Sea -Tartus, Syria-, the Black Sea -Sebastopol-, the Caspian Sea and the Pacific base in Vladivostok.

The conclusions: American crushing victory, but …

Considering the composition of the fleets, their organization and their operational capabilities, the author concludes that there is a “tactical and strategic superiority” of the US Navy vis-à-vis the Russian fleet.

destroyer Zumwalt

The situation of the strategic bases distributed throughout the world and the naval capacity give the United States a value ” of two to zero ” on the Russian naval power. Account for it with the destroyer Zumwalt, the most advanced that exists at present, with the groups of attack of aircraft carriers to maintain the control of the world oceans and a Marine Infantry with great projection of the naval power on Earth.

However, Russia keeps on its sleeve the ace of the Yasen submarines, which “represent a danger for the North American aircraft carriers “.


Source: El Confidencial Digital