This post has been brought to you by http://www.stethoscopepros.
In the underwater world, you do not have to be the biggest creature to be the biggest threat.
The stonefish, which reaches an average length of 30 to 40 centimetres and up to 2 kg, is the most poisonous fish in the world and has poisonous sacs in each of its spines. Its scientific name is Synanceia horrida.
Although the threat to responsible divers is minuscule, here are five facts we share about these interesting and toxic underwater creatures, according to Very Interesting information.
1. Their spines or spines are located in the dorsal fin (12-13), anal (3) and pelvic fin (2), each with a poisonous gland. The poison is as powerful as that of the cobra, it has cytotoxins and neurotoxins.
2. As the most poisonous fish in the sea, most would assume that this animal kills its prey using poison in its spines, but this is not the case. Instead, the stonefish captures its prey with speed.
To catch food, fish wait for their prey to appear and then swim fast and attack quickly. The attack can last as little as 0.015 seconds.
3. It has excellent camouflage ability, it can be difficult to notice. It is often exciting to spot the most disguised creatures when diving, so remember to pay attention to what is hidden in the rocky bottom or coral.
4. Do not panic: the stone fish will not deviate from its path when attacked but will use its venom as a defence mechanism against predators.
The venom is usually released when pressure is applied to the stone fish’s spine, which means that the venom is most frequently emitted when the fish is attacked by a predator or trodden by a human.
5. The stonefish can survive up to 24 hours out of the water, which is a rare feature among fish.
If for some reason you accidentally step on a stonefish, seek immediate treatment because the poison can cause severe pain, heart failure and even death if not treated in time.
Hot water can be used for temporary relief; however, it is essential to seek medical attention and antidote.
Source: El Imparcial