In this work, published years ago by “América Latina en movimiento”, explains the importance of Malvinas, which after the war and the triumph of England, with naval installations, areas and military exercises, became a important military base in the South Atlantic. Authorship corresponds to the Center for Studies and Documentation on Militarization (Cedomi) and the Movement for Peace, Sovereignty and Solidarity among Peoples (Mopassol).
In this commemoration of April 2, it is important to take a different look at this war, the military dictatorship of General Leopoldo Fortunato Galtieri led the country to an unequal war, with death and desolation of the Argentine troops in the Falkland Islands
This military base, known as Mount Pleasant, is located 60 kilometers from Puerto Argentino, and 700 km from the Patagonian coast, occupying the flattest region of Soledad Island, close to the sea and suitable for the movement of airplanes and helicopters.
Given the size of its extension, it has a network of avenues that communicate the different facilities: barracks, hangars, fields of operations, the air base and two neighborhoods, one for the British military and one for civilians, a complex with cinemas and bars, and the airport of the islands that is also inside the base. In the complex there is a deep-water naval station – called Mare Harbor – which is frequented by the Royal Navy fleet, used to patrol the South Atlantic, with equipment similar to that of British troops in Iraq and Afghanistan, and silos. and ramps for the launching of nuclear weapons.
At least 1,500 soldiers and 500 British civilians are permanently operating there. The contingents are renewed periodically and some of the soldiers installed there have fought in the Middle East and remain here six weeks undergoing a hard training.
A fact that marks the level of militarization achieved in the Islands is clear from the results of the most recent censuses, which indicate that the total civilian population (not including the 500 civilians remaining in the base) reaches 2,800 people, which demonstrates that for every civilian inhabitant of the island there is a military cash.
As in most foreign military installations built in Latin America in the last period, the base has two broad tracks, one of 2,590 and another of 1,525 meters, suitable for the landing and takeoff of large aircraft, which usually They are used to transport troops and military equipment used in joint maneuvers or to connect with the network of US and NATO military bases that extend almost all over the world. The operation and maintenance of the base demand to the United Kingdom around 150 million annual dollars. A cost not too high if one takes into account the declared objective of “providing security in the overseas territories in the South Atlantic” and a round business for the Crown, taking into account the enormous profits it obtains from the illegal allocation of licenses for fishing and exploitation of other natural resources in the area.
The existence of the military base, which dates back to 1985, can not be explained only as a consequence of the 1982 war. In a broader context, it is due to a strategic plan of US domination over Latin America that was intensified in the 1980s. 80’s
Expression of this plan is the Free Ocean Plan, a document approved in 1980 by the National Security Council of the United States where the strategic importance of the South Atlantic and the need for a combined action of the US fleets and their NATO allies for the control of maritime spaces, pointing to England as the principal of their allies, precisely because of their occupation of the Falklands, South Georgia and Sandwich archipelagos. That is why former President Ronald Reagan (1981-1989) did not hesitate to support England in the Malvinas war against Argentina, despite the fact that, under the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (TIAR), he should have defended it against to an extra continental aggression.
A revealing fact of the economic and geopolitical importance of the Islands, consigned by the newspaper El Malvinense of January 23, 2009, is that 7% of the NATO budget is destined for the Malvinas.
In February 2009, Mount Pleasant appears within a report of the European Union on military bases in its overseas territories. This report was issued, at the request of the European Parliament, and was entitled “The status and location of the military installations of the Member States of the European Union and their potential role for the European security and defense policy”. There, the Malvinas base is presented as an important element of the European strategy, both as a center of operations to protect the sovereignty of the overseas territory in which it is located, and to project power over the region.
In response to this document, there was a public complaint from the Argentine Foreign Ministry and, in addition, a Draft Declaration (1689-D-2009) was presented in the Chamber of Deputies of the Nation in which concern is expressed about the Report, stating that the the concept reflected in the Malvinas in the same “violate doubly the principle of sovereignty and territorial integrity recognized by the United Nations (Resolution 1514): on the one hand, the British colonial occupation is perpetuated, on the other an instance of control / influence would be added / projection, by a supranational political bloc (European Union) integrated in turn by the United Kingdom “.
The bases and foreign military installations installed throughout Latin America and the Caribbean are undoubtedly a danger to peace in the region and a clear sign of the validity of imperialist policies.
The Malvinas Fortress presupposes even greater dangers with the reactivation, in 2008, of the Fourth United States War Fleet; fact that is absolutely contrary to the United Nations Resolution that demands to turn the South Atlantic into an ocean of peace and cooperation.
It is no novelty to point out that when the red lights are lit in the main economic centers of capitalism, the green lights of imperial militarization are lit.