It was created in 1491 by the German cartographer Henricus Martellus.
The map that we show here is an authentic jewel of the history of cartography. It was created in 1491 by the German Henricus Martellus, and many indications suggest that it served as an inspiration to Christopher Columbus.
Now, the map has just been restored by researchers from the University of Rochester, in New York, which has revealed some details that remained hidden.
Obviously, the map does not show the American continent, whose existence was still unknown to Europeans. But its importance lies in the fact that it is one of the few from that historical period that does not show sea monsters and because, despite some errors, it is quite true to reality.
It is believed that Columbus was inspired by him because he always maintained that Japan was located at the exact latitude shown by this map, which is the only one of its time that places the Asian country in that position.