The Bermuda Triangle: Myths and Truths

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When did the enigma of the Bermuda triangle emerge? What happened exactly? What is the rational explanation? We answer these and other questions.

The Bermuda Triangle is a mythical section of the Atlantic Ocean bounded approximately by Miami, Bermuda and Puerto Rico, where dozens of ships and planes have disappeared over time.
Unexplained circumstances surround some of these accidents, including one in which the pilots of a squadron of bombers of the United States Navy became disoriented while flying over the area; the planes were never found. Apparently, other ships and planes disappeared from the area in good weather without even sending distress messages by radio.

Despite the fact that innumerable fantasies/paranormals have been proposed about the Bermuda Triangle, none of them proves that these disappearances occur more frequently in this sector than in other areas of the ocean. In fact, many people navigate this area every day without incident.
The Bermuda Triangle, or Devil’s Triangle, covers approximately an area of approximately 1.1 million km² in the extreme southeast of Florida.

When Christopher Columbus sailed through these seas on his first trip to the New World, he reported that a large flame of fire (probably a meteor) crashed into the sea one night and that a strange light appeared in the distance a few weeks later. He also wrote about erratic readings on the compass.
Everything would skyrocket after 1964, when the writer Vincent Gaddis coined the phrase “Bermuda Triangle” in an article in a magazine occurred mysterious additional accidents in the area, including three passenger planes that fell despite having sent messages that “everything is fine”.

The Bermuda Triangle: Myths and Truths
Charles Berlitz, whose grandfather founded Berlitz language schools, further enriched the legend in 1974 with a sensational best-seller on legend. Since then, Dozens of paranormal writers have blamed the supposed lethality of the triangle on every conceivable argument, from aliens, Atlantis, marine monsters, temporal deformations and inverse gravity fields, while scientists have pointed out magnetic anomalies, waterspouts or huge eruptions of methane gas from the bottom of the ocean as explanations. However, in all probability, there is not a single theory that solves the mystery, but a set of several factors.

A triangle?

The area known as the Bermuda Triangle is not a registered territory. It is not delimited in the maps, but it is supposed to extend from Miami, Florida, to the island of Bermuda and to San Juan in Puerto Rico, lines that together form a kind of equilateral triangle.

What is it that makes this area so striking?

Only between 1945 and 1965, up to five aircraft crashed in the area and 10 ships sank or disappeared between 1800 and 1963. Logically, taking into account the size of this enigma or myth, many mentions, especially online, refer to lists much, much longer disappearances.

The origin of myth

The mysterious reputation of the Bermuda Triangle began on December 5, 1945, when Flight 19, a squadron of five torpedo bombers from the United States Navy, disappeared into the air during a routine training exercise. The planes were fully equipped and had been thoroughly checked before leaving Fort Lauderdale Naval Air Station in Florida. What made the disappearance even more mysterious is that it happened in peacetime, which made it less likely that they would be demolished.

The most famous case of the Bermuda Triangle

Before losing radio contact off the coast of South Florida, it was reported that the flight captain of flight 19 said: “Everything seems strange, even the ocean” and “we are entering white water, nothing seems normal.” The aircraft and the 14 crew members were never found, despite a long investigation by the government. In fact, a search and rescue plane with 13 men on board was sent to locate the missing aircraft, but that plane and its passengers also disappeared inexplicably. And so, the ‘spooky’ reputation of the Bermuda Triangle solidified.

The smart ones

Many rushed to take advantage of the Bermuda Triangle fever. A large number of books were published, many of which became international hits, and the most popular was The Bermuda Triangle, by Charles Berlitz, published in 1974. It sold 20 million copies in more than 30 languages, an extraordinary feat for a work that attributed the losses of ships and planes to extraterrestrials and survivors of the lost city of Atlantis.

Featured Disappearances: Sulfur Queen

The Bermuda Triangle is famous for making everything disappear, from cargo ships to airplanes. The mysterious body of water is clouded with rumors of suspicion of supernatural activities. During the last century, the Bermuda Triangle has been “swallowing” ships and blamed for the loss of hundreds of lives. The SS Marine Sulfur Queen, a converted T2 tanker carrying molten sulfur along with 39 crewmen, disappeared near the south coast of Florida. The last news about him was on February 4, 1963, when he sent a routine radio message. When they did not receive more communications, they sent search teams to locate it. After more than two weeks of searching, the rescue team only found some fragments of remains and life preservers.


The investigation has indicated that a compass failure condemned Flight 19, and the other tragedies probably have equally mundane explanations.

Strange theories: Paranormal phenomena

Many strange theories have been exposed as an attempt to explain the disappearances of ships and planes. Kidnapping of UFOs, distortions of time, portals that lead to other dimensions, anomalies of the magnetic field, geophysical phenomena and massive bubbles of methane gas are the most outstanding arguments of lovers of the supernatural. A popular theory is also that the legendary lost city of Atlantis lies at the bottom of the Bermuda Triangle, and its advanced technology interferes with nearby vessels.

The Bermuda Triangle: Myths and Truths

Is there really a mystery to explain?

A journalist named Larry Kusche asked himself exactly that question, and came up with a surprising answer: there is no mystery about strange disappearances in the Bermuda Triangle. Kusche exhaustively reexamined the “mysterious disappearances” and discovered that the story was basically created by errors, manipulation of mysteries and, in some cases, pure invention: everything was transmitted as truth verified when it was pure fantasy. Few bothered to do a real investigation and all the documents about it are flooded with non-scientific theories.

Common sense

It is also important to bear in mind that the area within the Bermuda Triangle is heavily traveled by cruise ships and cargo ships; Logically, not just by chance, more ships will sink there than in less traveled areas such as the South Pacific. The greater the number of ships, the greater the probability that the number of sinkings will also increase.

Tabloid stories

Although the Bermuda Triangle has been permanently discredited since (and for) decades, it still appears as an “unsolved mystery” in many books, mainly by authors more interested in a fabulous story than in the facts. In the end, there is no need to invoke time portals, Atlantis, submerged UFO bases, geomagnetic anomalies, tidal waves or anything else. The mystery of the Bermuda Triangle has a much simpler explanation: sloppy research and sensationalist and mysterious books.

The pure reality

The Bermuda Triangle is a fallacy. Airplanes and ships do not disappear in the space between Puerto Rico, Florida and Bermuda any more than they do anywhere else in the world; there is no statistical significance for the region at all. Although there are many natural mechanisms that can sink ships over the oceans, almost none of them exist in that area.

Science points out that the phenomenon does not exist

The Australian scientific popularizer Karl Kruszelnicki pointed out, for example, that the number of boats and planes that disappear in the area is the same as anywhere else in the world if we see the percentages. It is close to the equator and, therefore, has a lot of traffic. Statistics show that the area is no more dangerous than any other region of the world’s oceans.

And the bodies of the disappeared?

Some of the pilots who disappeared in this area were prone to make catastrophic mistakes, which include getting lost frequently, drinking a lot of alcohol before flying and even leaving without the proper aviation equipment on board.
Nobodies and remains were found in most cases, but this is not surprising given that we speak of a huge body of water and incredibly deep. Even today, aircraft and shipwrecks are rarely found despite massive advances in reconnaissance and tracking technology.

There is nothing mystical in the Bermuda Triangle

This combination of missing crew members and disappearances of incredibly well-publicized planes and ships ensured the birth of a legend. Despite the fact that it has long been known that there is nothing mystical or otherworldly in the Triangle, many hypotheses have arisen that attempt to “explain” these fading, and have varied from the scientific to the extravagant. Regarding the theory of methane bubbles that rise from frozen caches under the sea and that have been swallowing ships, although this is scientifically plausible, there is a basic problem: there are no methane reserves below the Triangle of Bermuda

Solved mysteries

One by one, the supposed mysteries of the Bermuda Triangle have been resolved. The Connemara IV, for example, was dragged into the sea (without its crew) during a hurricane and the two Boeing KC-135 Stratotankers collided and crashed into the Atlantic. Regarding the last moments of flight 19, presumably, the plane landed in the ocean, where conditions had deteriorated since the departure from Fort Lauderdale. A rough sea would have swallowed the heavy Grumman Avenger. The US Navy UU He opened an investigation into the missing Avengers, as well as the PBM-Mariner. It was held that this last aircraft exploded in the air, a hypothesis reinforced by the testimony of Captain Shonna Stanley of the SS Gaines Mills who saw a fireball in the sky at exactly the moment the search plane disappeared.
As for the Avengers, it was concluded that human error and the compass malfunction caused the tragedy.


The best proof of the harmlessness of the Bermuda Triangle is the city of Freeport, located within the Triangle. Freeport has a major shipyard and also an airport that handles 50,000 flights annually and is visited by more than one million tourists a year.

It is not officially recognized

As noted by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the Triangle itself does not officially exist. Although they point out that “environmental conditions” could explain many of the disappearances, they emphasize that the “United States Geographical Names Board does not recognize the Bermuda Triangle as an official name and does not maintain an official file on the area. There is no evidence that mysterious disappearances occur more frequently in the Bermuda Triangle than in any other large and busy area of the ocean, “concludes NOAA. In fact, no accredited scientific organization considers the Bermuda Triangle to be something genuine.

The Bermuda Triangle: Myths and Truths

New explanation: giant waves

A team of researchers has tried to pose new logical answers to the enigma -which is not such-, many of them related to meteorology. Now, oceanographer Simon Boxall, of the University of Southampton (England), has revealed the results of his research in a British documentary series on the Bermuda Triangle. According to Boxall, the responsible are giant waves that can exceed 30 meters in height. Waves that last a few minutes but capable of sinking ships and planes at great speed, which would disappear without a trace. The area is subject to violent and unexpected storms and climate changes. These short but intense storms can accumulate and dissipate rapidly, causing obvious navigational problems.

The Dragon Triangle

The Japanese version of the Bermuda Triangle is called the Dragon’s Triangle or Devil’s Sea. It is also notorious for disappearances of military ships and aircraft. The curious thing is that this region of the ocean also owes its popularity to the fantastic bestselling book by Charles Berlitz of 1974. It is also striking that it is not the Japanese who consider the Devil’s Sea to be more mysterious or dangerous than other coastal waters of Japan, but the Americans.


Source: Aire de Santa Fe