Dozens of marine species are threatened by man, a reflection of this is what happens with the population of sharks in the Sea of Cortez, which face men as their predators. It is the fourth installment of the special report of the Biosphere of Baja California Sur, from the series ‘ Por el Planeta ‘.
On board the “Storm” we enter the Sea of Cortez. Probably few know that this is the Jaques Cousteau Island, most of them know it as Cerralvo Island, but in 2009 it changed its name in honour of the French explorer and oceanographer.
We prepare to do a dive at a dive site known as “La Reina”. We cross the rocky reef with large aggregations of fish. We distinguish how the masters of disguise blend with the rocky bottom, they are two stone fish that sit very close together. They are shy, but above all, very poisonous.
Manolo González from ‘Deep Baja’ achieves the sighting of two giant blankets. It’s been years since we saw the birrostris blanket on Cerralvo Island. Manolo manages to register a blanket of the “Chevron” type with a satellite brand and a black blanket that swims gently.
East of San José Island, we dive in a place known as “Las Ánimas”. We approach a cave where they rest, in the sandy bottom, dotted lines. It is striking that in almost all our dives we have found remains of harpoons, hooks and fishing nets.
Mario Gómez, of the Coalition in Defense of the Seas of Mexico (Codemar), explains:
“Sharks that came, every year, to the bass of Espiritu Santo or to the bass of Las Animas and saw groups of sharks of 150, 200 sharks, today you can not see two or three. Mexico is the second exporter in the world of shark fin to China today. “
Information from the National Commission of Aquaculture and Fisheries (Conapesca) reveals that in Mexico about 27 thousand tons of sharks are caught per year and only in the South Californian Pacific and the Sea of Cortes would involve the fishing of more than one million 400 thousand sharks, different species and sizes.
Manuel González Meléndez, from the environmental organization ‘Deep Baja’, points out:
Fifteen years ago when I arrived in Baja California Sur, we saw 100 in a dive, 50 easily, and over the years they have not seen each other, they do not abound as before. It was a tourist attraction for many people. It’s still an amazing place, but with less life, unfortunately. “
José Alberto Zepeda Domínguez, a researcher at the National Polytechnic Institute (IPN), points out:
It must be made very clear that shark fishing is legal. It is not prohibited to the fish shark. “
– Not all species?
Not all species. You do not go with the intention of capturing a protected species. For some to breathe easy, the shark has a higher price the small, in general, does not go out to look for the immense. I do not know what shark you were looking for or wanting to see, but go with a “shark”, they sure know where they are. “
-But I want to see you alive!
Many are alive … in the long lines “.
The writer and traveller John Steinbeck was right: “Men really need sea monsters in their personal oceans.”
Source: Noticieros Televisa