Risk Perception and Safe Navigation

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Up to August 2018, more than 500 people were rescued in the Cuban sea in 97 requests for help, but it is not enough to have the means and the forces for the rescue and rescue, it is essential to strictly comply with the security measures for navigation

Maritime navigation involves risks. Globally it is considered one of the safest routes for the mass transfer of people and merchandise, for the global connection of the XXI century, but it demands rigorous measures of security and economic resources to keep the naval media in an optimal state and attend a group of procedures and useful, that together with the state of time become decisive factors.

According to statistics from the International Maritime Organization, the authority in charge of establishing the norms to improve the safety of navigation on the planet, international maritime transport represents around 85% of the global movement of goods, as it constitutes an efficient and safe means.

Risk Perception and Safe Navigation

International statistics indicate that in the last ten years there has been an annual average of 113 missing ships worldwide, and human error represents between 75 and 96% of accidents; often conditioned by the lack of risk perception and the violation of established rules and procedures for safe navigation.


In the case of Cuba, global trends are compounded by the negative and cumulative impact of the economic, commercial and financial blockade of the United States against the island, which has extended for more than 56 years and limits access to vessels, communications means, navigation and adequate rescue by the Cuban nautical community. That is why the country predominates the practice of water sports with the use of crafts of craft construction, whose fragility makes them vulnerable to the challenges of the sea.

The Headquarters of Border Troops of the Ministry of the Interior (Minint) reported that until August 2018 the facts and the number of people rescued at sea, mainly from private vessels destined to the activity of private sport and commercial fishing, have increased. foreign recreational naval media that use our territorial sea to navigate and perform nautical activities.

During 2017, 87 Rescue and Rescue actions were carried out and a total of 290 people were assisted, including 15 medical evacuations. Up to August 2018, 97 requests for help were answered, with 513 rescued, including 21 for health reasons. So far this year, the bodies of ten people involved in maritime accidents recovered.


The main cause of most of these events was the lack of risk perception of the crew of the boats, the failure to comply with nautical safety measures and mechanical failures.

In many cases they went to sea in unfavourable weather conditions, without adopting the appropriate measures for navigation, without life jackets, means of communication, lighting, bailing or fire, or first aid kit.

It also has a negative influence on the fact that many of the people who practice sport fishing from boats are not professionals, they sail sporadically and use very fragile means.

In addition to endangering the lives of the people on board those vessels, irresponsible actions or the neglect of security measures imply the costly deployment of naval and air resources of the Border Troops of the Minint, with the support of the air force of the Revolutionary Armed Forces, to carry out search and rescue actions, putting at risk also the specialized personnel in those relief works.

Despite the multiple obstacles imposed by the US blockade. UU, In order to acquire the adequate means of navigation, rescue and rescue, the Cuban Government, has had to invest important resources to guarantee the safety of the voyages through our seas and to be available to help those who need it, an effort that requires means and resources. generally very expensive, given the demands of high-tech equipment.

Likewise, the troops of the Coastguard Troops participating in these tasks receive a rigorous preparation for such contingencies and have been endowed with the essential resources.

Notwithstanding the efforts of the competent authorities, greater responsibility is required on the part of those who go to sea and strictly comply with the security measures that are internationally required for navigation.


– Have, at least, one vest for each crew member adapted to their size, weight and age.

– Carry means of communication. It can be a cell phone with enough charge to ensure communication during the day of navigation.

– Have a flashlight, with a spare bulb and batteries.

– Have bilge and firefighting means.

– Own a first aid kit.

– Ensure a radio receiver that allows keeping updated of the meteorological situation.

– Make sure you carry enough fuel.

– Have a navigation plan.

– Inform other people that you are browsing and where; scheduled date and time back to port.


Source: Granma