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Studies show that reducing the navigation speed by at least 15 knots decreases the risk of a fatal collision with whales.
Human activities are the main causes of the acceleration of climate change, therefore, the desire of institutions and industries to contribute to counteract their effects is growing.
The International Maritime Organization (IMO), is the body that is responsible for establishing the safety and environmental guidelines in the maritime field, and from this year has set the goal of reducing climate change by decreasing the navigation speed.
According to IMO figures, 30% of the world fleet is made up of ships that transport containers, grains, oil, liquefied gas, among others, in 2015 a little over 800 million tons of CO2 were expelled into the atmosphere, this thanks to the speed of navigation that large ships execute on their voyages. As a result, it is sought that the regulation of “mandatory maximum speed”, is carried out depending on the size and type of vessel.
The United States, the European Union and several Pacific island states support this agreement, which aims for the average global temperature to be below 2 degrees Celsius.
In addition to fighting climate change, this initiative benefits some species that are affected by this activity; mainly the whales, who, being acoustic animals, are affected by the noise caused by the boats, as they hinder communication and their ability to collect food.
Another problem that attends, is the collisions between cetaceans and ships. The number of these accidents has decreased by 80% and 90% since this agreement entered into force.
Source: El Dictamen MX