The incursion of organized crime in the trafficking of totoaba fish, as well as the “little interest of several governments, both state and federal”; to protect the reserve of the Gulf of California interfered in the viability of the program of safeguard of the vaquita marine, reason why the most probable thing is that it is extinguished, informed Jose Sarukhán Kermez, coordinator of the National Commission for the Knowledge and Use of the Biodiversity (Conabio)
“I’m not justifying anything. There was a series of situations that make this issue difficult and now, at this point, the feasibility of solving the problem is getting smaller, more expensive and more difficult, as with all environmental issues, “the official added.
The project, he added, also faced the economic interests of fishermen who refused to change nets and meshes during the capture of the various sea animals to protect the marsupial.
Sarukhán recalled that the area where the vaquita marina lives is restricted, in “the armpit of the Gulf of California”, and converges with the area where the United States captures water. That situation “severely modified their environment and, although for decades it was said that something had to be done, the things they owed” were not done for their rescue.
The vaquita marina “is a species of which little is known about its biology, hence the importance of addressing this type of problem in time. I would hope that this is not the chronicle of an announced extinction, “he said.
At a press conference in Los Pinos, Sarukhán highlighted the importance of continuing with the conservation, protection and recovery of the vaquita, which started the current administration, whether in captivity, semicaptivity or as defined.
The multisectorial project that began in the last stage of the current administration consisted of capturing the few surviving specimens, transferring them to a refuge to achieve their reproduction in captivity and prevent their extinction.
In the company of Eduardo Sánchez Hernández, spokesman for the Presidency, Sarukhán announced some of the important projects carried out over 25 years by Conabio, as well as the major challenges that must be implemented in the next administration of the government.
Deforestation must be reduced to zero, he said, which represents between 12 and 13 percent of greenhouse gas emissions in Mexico.
Zero deforestation, he stressed, is an obligation that the State must promote, despite affecting the interests of illegal groups, loggers and traffickers. He said that ending this illegal activity is possible “because there are technological instruments to effect this change that will have an impact on global environmental sanitation.”
Similarly, he said, water should be permanently monitored to prevent the endemic biological species in Mexico from disappearing due to pollution, which occurs because of little control of domestic and industrial emissions.
“We are all animals, some more than others, and we share a lot of genes and we can not survive on the planet if our biodiversity systems are not in the best conditions,” he said.
One of the great contributions of the Conabio, he stressed, was to ensure that thousands of citizens participated actively in its NaturaLista digital platform, which generated more than 3 million data on biodiversity and greater knowledge of science.
“It’s about ordinary people, housewives, accountants, students and street people who have uploaded images about certain species portrayed or whose photography has been a source of scientific knowledge generation around 110 thousand identified species, placing Mexico in the fourth place in the world in biodiversity, “he said.
The Conabio, concluded Sarukhán, “is a weirdo that we should multiply in the country, because information of this type is required and that there is sustained economic support”, since in recent years he faced a budget cut.