Officer of the French Navy, oceanographer pioneer in the defence of the species that inhabit our planet and defend the marine environment from pollution. He wrote books of the popularization of the underwater world and carried out numerous oceanographic campaigns with his ship “Calypso”. He received the International Prize on the Environment, awarded by the UN.
On a June 25, but 2009, died in Los Angeles (USA) Michael Jackson, the “King of Pop”, at age 50, by an overdose of painkillers, which he administered his personal physician.
Day of the People of the Sea
World Vitiligo Day
1535 – Sebastián Belalcázar founded Guayaquil, currently the second most important city in Ecuador.
1786 – Francisco de Goya is named a Spanish royal painter. His work includes easel and mural painting, engraving and drawing.
1791 – After his frustrated flight, Louis XVI and the entire royal family entered Paris. The assassination of the governor of Yucatan, Lucas de Gálvez, attributed by mistake to Toribio de Mazo, who was imprisoned until he could prove his innocence.
.- The measurement of the meridian of Paris begins, which goes from Dunkirk to Barcelona. It was the origin of the establishment of the Metric Decimal System.
- – Landing near Buenos Aires of a small British expedition, composed of 1,800 men, under the command of General Beresford.
1825.- The Liberator Simón Bolívar arrives in Cusco, where he receives a gold crown, besides diamonds, pearls and other jewels, he also receives the keys of the city.
1852.- The Spanish architect Antoni Gaudí is born, who will spend much of his career building the Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona
1861.- France recognizes Víctor Manuel II as king of Italy.
1865.- Dr. Guillermo A. Seoane, magistrate, diplomat and teacher is born in Lima. Being a Peruvian plenipotentiary in Chile, he protested the Chilean maneuvers to annex Tacna and Arica.
1876.- The column of the American general George A. Custer is annihilated in Litle Big Horn by the Indian chiefs Caballo Loco and Toro Sentado.
1877.- The Cotopaxi volcano erupts, 80 kilometres from Quito. The fertile valleys of Chilo and Tambuco are devastated.
1881.- War of the Pacific. The president Francisco García Calderón, dictates a decree on the organization of the Urban Guard of Lima, formed by notable neighbours interested in the conservation of public order.
1903.- George Orwell, the British writer, is born. ” Homage to Catalonia” (1938), his best-known work, together with “Utopia” and ” Dystopia ”
- – Clashes in Lodz (Russian Poland) between workers and the Army, in which more than 500 people die. Strikes in Warsaw and Czestochowa.
- – Pedro Montt triumphs in the presidential elections of Chile.
1924.- Premiere in Paris “The altarpiece of Maese Pedro”, by the Spanish composer Manuel de Falla.
1925.- Military coup in Greece, led by General Pangalos.
.- Born John Briley, American novelist and screenwriter. He is best known for writing the script for the film “Gandhi.”
1936.- The weekly “Cascabel” publishes the only interview they did to Felipe Pinglo Alva, carried out by the journalist Juan Francisco Castillo, when the Peruvian bard was on his sickbed in the Odriozola Room, at the Dos de Mayo Hospital.
1942.- II World War: General Eisenhower assumes the command of the American troops in Great Britain.
1950.- In Korea, the northern troops cross the 38th parallel, beginning the Korean War, which will last until July 1953.
1963.- George Michael, singer, composer and British producer of pop music, is born.
1966.- Yugoslavia and the Vatican reestablish diplomatic relations, broken in 1952.
1967.- Last performance on television of the British rock band The Beatles, where they record All you need is love.
1975.- General Francisco Morales Bermúdez heads a coup against the government of President Juan Velasco Alvarado.
1978.- Armando Revoredo, politician, doctor and Peruvian aviator (No. 1896) dies.
– Captain of the Civil Guard (today National Police of Peru) is declared Captain Alipio Ponce Vásquez.
1984.- Michel Foucault, historian of ideas, psychologist, social theorist and French philosopher dies.
– Rafael Ortega Gómez dies, “Gallito”, Spanish bullfighter. Son of the banderillero Enrique Ortega “El Cuco” and Gabriela Gómez Ortega, the sister of Rafael “El Gallo”.
1989.- Teodoro Obiang Nguema is re-elected president of Equatorial Guinea, after the first presidential elections by universal suffrage held in this country.
1991.- The Republic of Croatia proclaims its sovereignty and independence from Yugoslavia.
– The Slovenian Parliament approves a resolution proclaiming its independence from Yugoslavia.
1993.- Kim Campbell, of the Conservative Party, becomes the first woman to assume the leadership of the Government in Canada.
1995.- William Layton, American playwright dies. Creator of William Layton. Theater Laboratory.
– Die Ernest Walton, Irish physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics in 1951.
1997.- Jacques-Ives Cousteau dies in Paris, a French oceanographer who studied the sea and various forms of life known in the water.
1998.- The North-Irish people elect their representatives in the Legislative Assembly for the first time since 1972, after the Peace agreements of Stormont. The Unionist Party of Ulster wins the elections.
2001.- Vladimiro Montesinos, adviser to President Alberto Fujimori (1990-2000) involved in a corruption scandal known as the “vladivideos”, arrives in Lima, deported by the Venezuelan authorities.
– The US and Brazil reach an agreement to withdraw the US demand before the WTO for the production of generic drugs against AIDS in Brazil.
2003.- Argentine President Néstor Kirchner repeals a decree that prevented the extradition of Argentines claimed by judges of other countries for crimes against human rights.
– The Federal Reserve of the United States reduces interest rates by a quarter of a point to 1%, the lowest level since 1958.
2006.- The European company Arcelor accepts the bid of the Anglo-Indian company Mittal to create the first steel company in the world.
2009.- Farrah Fawcett, American actress dies. It reached the international fame when it carried out the first season of the series of television the angels of Charlie.
2013.- The Emir of Qatar, Hamad bin Khalifa al-Zani, abdicates in his son, Tamim bin Hamad al-Zani.
- – The Russian Senate revokes, at the request of Putin, the permission to send troops to Ukraine that had granted him.
– The Corso National Liberation Front (FLNC) abandons “without conditions” the armed struggle.
– Ana María Matute dies, Spanish writer, novelist and academic. Miguel de Cervantes Literature Prize 2010.
2015- The Supreme Court of the US endorses the health reform of President Barack Obama.
– Passes Patrick Macnee, British actor known for playing John Steed in the British television series The Avengers.
2016- An attack by Al Shabab against a hotel in Mogadishu, Somalia, causes 35 deaths.