Bermuda Triangle – History, Mysteries and Myths

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The Bermuda Triangle in the Atlantic Ocean is a place where aircraft and ships disappeared under mysterious circumstances.

The Bermuda Triangle , also known as the Devil’s Triangle , is an area in the Atlantic Ocean where several disappearances of people, airplanes and surface vessels have occurred.

Some of the disappearances involve a level of mystery that is often popularly explained by a variety of conspiracy theories.

An abundance of documents and reports of incidents suggest that the Bermuda Triangle is merely a sailor’s legend, later embellished by professional writers.

Popular interest in the idea, however, continues to reflect the irrepressible human desire to understand what is beyond the external physical world and to interact with the realms of the imagination and the spirit.

Area and Location

The legends of the Bermuda Triangle do not come from a primary source, but are a continuation of an older tradition of orally transmitted stories before they are written. Consequently, the reports are subject to cultural perspectives, making it impossible to identify their exact dimensions.

The most common representation is a triangle that extends between Miami, Florida, San Juan, Puerto Rico, and Bermuda in the middle of the Atlantic. Most of the accidents would be concentrated along the southern border of the Bahamas and the Strait of Florida.

In addition to the exact geographical boundaries, the general area of ​​the Atlantic, Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico have been heavily used shipping routes since the time of Christopher Columbus. Ships daily cross the waters of the triangle to reach the ports of the Americas and Europe, as well as to the Caribbean islands.

Cruise ships are also plentiful in the region, and leisure vessels regularly go back and forth between Florida and the islands. It is also a widely used route for commercial and private aircraft to Florida, the Caribbean and South America.

The climate in this area of ​​the ocean can be quite extreme. The Gulf Stream crosses the Triangle after leaving the Gulf of Mexico. Sudden storms can appear in the summer until late fall. The combination of heavy shipping and stormy weather makes it inevitable that ships can be sunk in storms and lost without a trace.

Bermuda Triangle - History, Mysteries and Myths


Since humanity began to sail the oceans, there have been stories of cursed waters where ships and people disappear. These disappearances were attributed to everything, vindictive deities, sea serpents, even to the supposed boundary of the world, when people believed that the Earth was flat and a ship could fall off the edge.

With the advent of modern navigation equipment and techniques, coupled with scientific understanding of the ocean, much of the maritime folklore of days gone by has disappeared. There remained few areas that became paranormal areas of activity, the most famous being the Bermuda Triangle.

However, the authors of the twentieth century are responsible for spreading paranormal activity in the Bermuda Triangle. Before fiction books were written on the subject, there was no general understanding of a mysterious place in the ocean where people, planes, and ships disappeared.

The first article about the triangle legend was made by EVW Jones on September 16, 1950 in an Associated Press newspaper. Two years later, Fate magazine published “Sea Mystery At Back Door,” a short article by George X.

Flight 19 would be covered in the April 1962 issue of American Legion magazine. The article was titled “The Lost Patrol” by Allen W. Eckert, and was the first to connect the supernatural to Flight 19.


There are hundreds of strange occurrences recorded over many years and connected to the Triangle in one form or another. Some of them are historical inaccuracies, others nothing more than legends or frauds, as well as few truly mysterious events.

Ellen Austin

Ellen Austin was a freighter that sailed a route from the south of New York City to London in 1881 when it encountered a deserted schooner adrift at sea. The captain of Ellen Austin ordered the crew of his own ship to sail the schooner to London next to Ellen Austin.

However, the two ships were separated by a sudden storm and the schooner was never seen again. Although this is a famous Triangle story, many pointed to inconsistencies in tracing the historical sources of history.

The USS Cyclops incident resulted in the largest loss of life in US Navy history that is not related to fighting. Under the command of Lieutenant Commander GW Worley, the USS Cyclops disappeared without a trace on March 4, 1918, after leaving the island of Barbados.

The ship and 306 crew and passengers were never recovered. There is no evidence to support any specific reason for this event. Storms and enemy activity were suggested as explanations.

Perhaps the most famous of all Bermuda Triangle stories is Flight 19. This was a TBM Avenger bomber training flight that disappeared on December 5, 1945 as it flew over the Atlantic.

Under the leadership of an experienced pilot, Lieutenant Charles Carroll Taylor, the routine of the bombing mission became anything but routine when the plane completed about an hour and a half on the flight.

Taylor warned that his compass was not working and that he was lost. For nearly ten hours, Taylor and his squadron tried to fly north to find land, but for some reason they could not. Eventually all the radio communication was lost and search teams were sent, which also disappeared.

The incident was widely publicized in the press and is attributed to the genesis of modern interest in the Bermuda Triangle. However, some important accounts are often left out.

The weather became difficult at the end of the day and Taylor may have been confused about the origin of his flight and therefore did not realize that, flying northward, he traveled to the Atlantic.

On December 28, 1948, a Douglas DC-3 aircraft, number NC16002, disappeared during a flight from San Juan, Puerto Rico, to Miami, Florida. No trace of the aircraft or 32 people on board was found.

From the documentation compiled by the Civil Aeronautics Board’s investigation, a possible solution to the disappearance of the plane was found but poorly reported by the Bermuda Triangle conspirators: airplane batteries were inspected and were lightly loaded in San Juan.

Whether or not this led to a complete electrical fault, this will never be known. However, as piston-powered aircraft rely on magnets to supply electric power and light their cylinders, this theory is considered unlikely.

The Star Tiger and Star Ariel passenger planes disappeared without a trace on their way to Bermuda and Jamaica, respectively. Star Tiger was lost on January 30, 1948, on a flight from the Azores to Bermuda.

Star Ariel was lost on January 17, 1949, on a flight from Bermuda to Kingston, Jamaica. No aircraft made a distress call; in fact, his last messages were routine and both had a calm climate.

The SS Marine Sulfur Queen, a tanker was last seen on February 4, 1963, with a crew of 39 people near the Florida Keys.

The USS Scorpion nuclear-powered submarine was lost on May 26, 1968, south of the Azores, while in transit to Norfolk, Virginia, after a six-month posting.

The Scorpion has been chosen by several writers as a Triangle victim over the years. The US Navy believes that a defective torpedo contributed to its loss, while others theorize that it was destroyed by the Russians in a secret confrontation.

Paranormal Theories

The general mystery surrounding the Bermuda Triangle led many to attribute paranormal phenomena as being responsible for all disappearances. Some have suggested that the remains of the legendary Atlantis civilization are located within the boundaries of the Bermuda Triangle.

It is believed that the Atlanteans possess technology superior to those who live on the mainland and that cause the ships to sink and the planes to fall. The discovery of rock formations called ” Bimini Road ” is often cited as evidence of this theory.

Another popular theory is that extraterrestrials are hijacking planes and ships, or that their activities are indirectly causing the disappearances. Others have suggested that the Bermuda Triangle area is an anomaly of space and time in which planes, ships, and people are sucked in by a vortex that transports them to different times and possibly even to different dimensions.

While there are many well-meaning people looking for paranormal explanations for the Bermuda Triangle, none of these theories is supported by the evidence. Research on the alleged paranormal phenomena of the Bermuda Triangle is not taken very seriously, and is often not done within a legitimate academic environment. Another obstacle is the lack of contemporary disappearances and the difficulty of analyzing infrequent occurrences in a wide range of space and time.


There are many who disregard anything mysterious in the Bermuda Triangle, offering a wide range of explanations for the many disappearances that have occurred. The US Navy and Coast Guard, operating consistently within the Bermuda Triangle, have noted the mysterious disappearances but are skeptical of any paranormal activity.

Some researchers even go so far as to suggest that the Bermuda Triangle is a manufactured history, a conglomeration of anecdotes and rumors. Skeptics point to the fact that there are plausible explanations for all the mysterious events claimed to have taken place in the Bermuda Triangle.

Hurricanes, anomalous waves and the force of the Gulf Stream were cited as natural reasons why ships and planes were lost. Human error, combined with natural phenomena, has been documented as the most common cause of an airplane crash or ship accident, and thus is the most convincing explanation for the disappearances in the Bermuda Triangle.

This is underpinned by the fact that in recent years the number of ships and aircraft lost has decreased dramatically as transport technology has improved.

Popular culture

The Bermuda Triangle has taken its place among the great mysteries of pop culture, having been linked to aliens, the New Age Movement and mysterious creatures such as Bigfoot and the Loch Ness Monster.

It is popular in literature, television and movies, often used as a port device through which people are transported to other realms or times.



Source: Escola Educacao