The volume of world container traffic increased by 2.3% to 175.2 million TEU at the end of 2015, according to ship broker Clarksons. The growth rate of the market fell by more than 2 times compared to 2014. The traffic volume on the Transpacific routes remained approximately at the level of last year, while the throughput from Asia to Europe fell by 3.7%. The negative dynamics is associated with a decrease in demand for imported goods in Europe, the crisis in Russia and an increase in inventory management quality, which led to a decrease in additional orders.
The market growth rate of container traffic in the Asian region was reduced to 3%, which was largely due to the economic slowdown in China and elsewhere in the region. Also on the background of continuing low oil prices reduced imports in the developing countries, which economies are heavily dependent on commodity exports. As a result, services in the North-South containerized volumes grew by only 1.1% in 2015.
According to the forecasts, in 2016 the container traffic growth will accelerate to 4%.
The level of containerization of international cargo was 16% in 2015, but is estimated that in 2016 the situation will not change. The total volume of international sea freight totaled 10.7 billion tons in 2015,while container turnover amounted to 1.7 billion tons.
On average since 2012 the world conteinarization held at the level of 15-16%.