Axolotl, Vaquita, Leatherback Turtle And Monarch Butterfly Just 10 Species In Danger Of Extinction (IMAGES)

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Climate change and human intervention in ecosystems have brought these species to the brink of extinction, which is one of the reasons why World Environment Day is celebrated on June 5.

SPECIAL. – Mexico is a country with great biodiversity. Despite this, whether due to climate change, poaching by humans, human intervention in ecosystems and other factors, there are various Mexican animal and plant species that are in danger of extinction, which is one of the reasons why  this June 5 was celebrated the World Environment Day.

It is important to remember the urgency of combating activities that harm and affect nature, which take place around the world. For this reason, although they are not all listed, we share with you the 10 most emblematic Mexican species that are at risk of extinction.

WILDLIFE

Axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum) Status under NOM059: Danger of Extinction Axolotl Biologists describe it as a ‘long, dark, cylindrical salamander’ up to 30 cm in length. Historically, this species lived in the lakes of Texcoco, Xochimilco and Chalco, in the Valley of Mexico; at present, it is only found in Xochimilco — it is estimated that only a few dozen specimens survive.

Axolotl, Vaquita, Leatherback Turtle And Monarch Butterfly Just 10 Species In Danger Of Extinction

In addition to the disappearance of its habitat, it is endangered by over-exploitation, since for centuries it has been considered a food with therapeutic properties. https: //www.milenio.com/ciencia-y-salud/especies-mexicanas-peligro-extin …

Marine calf (Phocoena sinus)

Status under standard NOM059: Danger of extinction (Nearly extinct)

The vaquita marina is a marine mammal native to the Gulf of California and is considered the cetacean most at risk of extinction. Its natural habitat is very small and all the known specimens, about 30, live within an area of ​​about two square kilometers. At the current rate of extinction, the species could disappear in 2021; To save it, fishing regulations in the Gulf of California must be amended.

Axolotl, Vaquita, Leatherback Turtle And Monarch Butterfly Just 10 Species In Danger Of Extinction

Leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea)

Status under NOM059: Threatened.

This species, as old as dinosaurs, is located on the coasts of Michoacán, Guerrero and Oaxaca. It is recognized by the absence of a rigid shell. The reason for its extinction is the amount of plastic that pollutes our seas: since it feeds on marine jellyfish, it mistakenly ingests garbage bags that end up in its stomach and suffocates; To make matters worse, there is a black market that buys and sells its eggs. Currently, only less than a thousand specimens survive.

Mexican wolf (Canis lupus baileyi)

Status under standard NOM059: Danger of extinction

It is the smallest of the wolf subspecies in North America, which was hunted down and nearly exterminated by the United States and Mexican governments in the 1970s. Some sources estimate that only about thirty of them survive in wildlife; however, days ago UNAM reported that, thanks to the joint effort of specialists and institutions, liberation zones have been created in the north of the country that have increased their number and, apparently, have put it at risk.

Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus)

Status under NOM059: Subject to special protection

Due to its long migration from Canada to Mexico, it is perhaps the best-known butterfly subspecies, but that has not saved it from the risk of becoming extinct. Compared to the Monarch population in the mid-1990s, 80 percent of specimens are now extinct. However, what is really in danger of the monarch butterfly is its migratory phenomenon.

Axolotl, Vaquita, Leatherback Turtle And Monarch Butterfly Just 10 Species In Danger Of Extinction

Jaguar (Panthera onca)

Status under NOM059: Threatened.

Known as ocelotl in Nahuatl or balam in Mayan, the powerful jaguar is one of the most emblematic species in Mexico, and a symbol of power and strength since pre-Columbian times. Today, it is threatened by the destruction of its habitat, illegal hunting, the reduction of the number of its prey — mammals, birds, reptiles, and fish — and the increase in human settlements. An estimated 2,000 live specimens exist to date, but their survival is uncertain.

Macaw macaw (Ara macao)

Status under NOM059: Threatened.

The macao or scarlet macaws are distinguished by their showy and colorful plumage, and it is sad that this species has been practically exterminated in Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Oaxaca, Tabasco and Campeche due to immoderate hunting and theft of young. Currently, there are two groups that live in Chiapas and Oaxaca, but the species is still threatened by the loss of its habitat and illegal trafficking.

Moose horn coral (Acropora palmata)

Status under NOM059: Protected.

This coral is recognizable by its long, flattened and thick branches, reminiscent of an elk’s antlers. Its colonies can be several meters wide and are located primarily in the waters of the Caribbean Sea. The main threat against her is climate change, since the increase in water temperature hinders its reproduction; if this species becomes extinct, entire ecosystems will perish with it.

FLORA

Brown sea cucumber (Isostichopus fuscus)

Status under NOM059: Protected.

This species belongs to echinoderms, and has a long and smooth body. It is found in the waters of the Pacific Ocean, from the Gulf of California to Ecuador, and despite its unattractive appearance, it is an edible species. But the greatest risk to your survival lies in consuming your body dehydrated in the form of ‘trepang’ or ‘bêche-de-mer’: it is estimated that 90 of the population of sea cucumbers is consumed in Southeast Asia, causing an overexploitation of the species.

Axolotl, Vaquita, Leatherback Turtle And Monarch Butterfly Just 10 Species In Danger Of Extinction

White Nun Orchid (Lycaste skinneri)

Status under NOM059: Threatened.

It is alarming that, of the more than 30 thousand known orchid species, and of the 1,200 living in Mexico, more than 200 are threatened. The ‘white nun’ is found primarily in the state of Chiapas, in the cloud forests; however, its habitat has been depredated to turn it into coffee or rice plantations, or for urban developments. For this reason, despite being the official flower of Guatemala, it is unknown how many specimens survive to date.

 

Source: Multimedios