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Tensions between Beijing and Washington have affected the military budget Beijing and is expected to delay the development of the vessel designated as Type 002. There are also technical problems with its main board game, the Shenyang J-15.
Trade tensions between the United States and China have delayed the development of Beijing’s third aircraft carrier, according to military sources cited Tuesday by the South China Morning Post.
China put into service its first aircraft carrier, Liaoning, in 2012 after buying the helmet without finishing Ukraine. Last year he launched his second vessel of these characteristics and the first developed entirely in the country, Type 001A.
But the construction of the third vessel, whose existence was only officially confirmed this week by Beijing, has been delayed by the trade war with Washington and the Chinese military reforms.
Type 002 is a “new generation of aircraft carriers” currently under construction, Chinese state agency Xinhua said on Sunday and is expected to be launched in October 2019.
But this date could not materialize after the budget for its development had to be reduced due to commercial tensions with the United States and the slowdown of the Chinese economy.
“A shipyard received the order to begin the construction of another aircraft carrier Type 002, the fourth in the country, but in recent days it was postponed due to the commercial war with the United States. Beijing does not want to do anything that could further annoy Washington, since the Chinese economy has slowed down due to trade disputes, “said a military source who is part of the aircraft carrier program to the South China Morning Post.
The plan of the Chinese navy aims to achieve the deployment of a total of four aircraft carriers, along with their aircraft squadrons and their escorts, by the year 2030. Although impressive, the number still pales in front of the 11 nuclear aircraft carriers owned by the United States. United, eight of which are ready to enter combat at any time.
But in spite of this, if materialized it will be the second largest aircraft carrier fleet on the planet and will turn China into a naval power with projection in almost all the seas of the world.
The Liaoning, an aircraft carrier of the Kusnetsov class whose hull was launched in Ukraine, abandoned and then bought and finished by China in 2012, was the first of these ships to enter service. Type 001A is a copy of Liaoning and continues to water in Soviet design. Type 002, on the other hand, would be designed in China and little is known about their characteristics and it was even speculated that they had nuclear propulsion.
Aircraft with problems
Commercial tensions are not the only problem, however. Even if the Type 002 are completed and prove to be as advanced as it is speculated, riding even the modern EMAL aircraft launch systems, the fact is that China has had serious problems with its main fighter-bomber, the Shenyang J-15.
This unlicensed copy of the Sukhoi Su-33, designed in the Soviet Union’s time, is far from being a state-of-the-art weapon system and has also proved mechanically unreliable.
In 2016 the entire fleet had to undergo a three-month review after a fatal accident tracked to failure in their flight systems.
Another problem that affects the J-15 is the short durability of its jet engines, the military source told the South China Morning Post. The WS-10H Taihang turbines have a lifetime of 1,500 hours of flight, against the 4,000 of the General Electric F414 that equip the F-18 Superhornet, the main fighter-bomber shipped from the United States.
This means that the J-15s must receive a complete turbine change less than half the time of an F-18, generating huge maintenance costs.
For this reason China is also developing a replacement for the J-15, but before the sharp cuts in the military budget is unlikely that a new and advanced aircraft is operational in the medium term.
Source: La Pagina