The Naval-Type Peace Operations School works on the preparation of the crews of the flagships, which operate in the Maritime Task Force, and in the operating groups of Marines.
The Almirante Sylvio de Camargo Instruction Center, located on the Gobernador Island, in Rio de Janeiro, has been home since 2008 to the Naval-Type Peace Operations School (EsOpPazNav) of the Brazilian Navy (MB). The school is responsible for the preparation of the military of the MB that participate in peace operations conducted by the United Nations (UN), or those that are made to fulfill international commitments signed by the MB.
According to the Lieutenant Colonel of the Marine Corps (CFN, in Portuguese) Bruno Kochulinski Caldas, in charge of the EsOpPazNav, the unit emerged to fill a void that existed in the individual and collective formation of the military designated to the peace operations that They were presented, “especially the operational groups of marines, who were part of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH),” explained Lt. Cnel. Kochulinski
With the new structure, the CFN has an agency that can document the experiences acquired, as well as organize strategies and conferences that allow the exchange of knowledge in the missions, as well as representing the CFN in Brazil and abroad during events related to peace operations. The specific preparation for MINUSTAH was maintained until the end of the mission in 2017.
“The participation of Brazil in Haiti allowed for a closer contact with the activities carried out in peace missions and increased the knowledge of the military of the MB in the doctrine of the United Nations. The work carried out by the EsOpPazNav has the objective of multiplying that knowledge, by enabling the progress and dissemination of new tactics, techniques and procedures at different levels of operation, “assured Lt. Cnel. Kochulinski
The school is composed of a permanent structure and an updated database of more than 100 instructors trained in courses in Brazil and abroad, with proven experience in peace missions. “The instructors come from other military organizations of the Navy; they are deployed with a high degree of priority when they are needed in training and other exercises related to peace operations, “said the official.
According to Lt. Cnel. Kochulinski, the main focus of the institution is the training of the military that make up the contingents of the MB for the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL), but also offers other courses oriented to operations in peace missions. One of the courses taught is the Troop Quotas Preparation Practice for Peace Operations, which is held twice a year for five days, and is directed to each maritime task force (FTM) of the UNIFIL. each operating group of marines. The course prepares the crew of the ship that will go to Lebanon with a program that includes the requirements of the UN, which is mentioned in the Essential Training Material for the Pre-deployment of the UN Peacekeeping Resource Center.
“The practical training takes place in the Admiral Marques de Leão Training Center, the Marina, and in the ship where the crew is prepared. It includes the simulation of situations that happen daily in the UNIFIL, such as the maneuvers of boarding in maritime interdiction operations, “explained Lt. Cnel. Kochulinski The Naval-Type Peace Operations Practice for the Contingent Staff is aimed at the staff officers who will assume direct advisory functions to the FTM commander. “The course is held twice a year and is based on the transmission of knowledge of newly graduated military personnel of the mission, to the personnel of the future General Staff of the peace force; especially in the specific activities they perform during the mission, “he said.
In the same place, the Special Course for Negotiation Officers in Conflicts with Hostage Taking is also issued annually. The objective is to prepare officers to integrate negotiation teams or advisory groups in crisis cabinets, involving invasions of hostage-taking facilities. “The course offers the possibility of involving other armed forces, as well as military of the military forces, the Military Police and the Fire Department”, revealed CF Kochulinski.
The official anticipated that, in 2018, for the first time and at the request of the Agulhas Negras Military Academy, of the Brazilian Army (EB), they will carry out an exclusive negotiation practice for cadets, whose main focus will be the practical exercises of techniques and the basic rules of negotiation. The school is also in charge of the training related to the naval patrol, directed to the visiting and inspection groups and the detention of prisoners, “said Lt. Cnel. Kochulinski
The military of the EsOpPazNav also supports the Joint Peace Operations Center of Brazil (CCOPAB), a unit of the EB with theoretical and practical instruction in the Humanitarian Demining Practice, aimed at the military of the MB, the EB and friendly countries. “We help in the assembly of workshops for the practical application of the methods and equipment used in humanitarian demining operations, such as the workshop for the actual use of explosives and the deployment of demining equipment in an area with the same characteristics as the operational environment. is in that kind of task, “explained Lt. Cnel. Kochulinski
The alliance with the CCOPAB is reciprocal, explained the official. The center of the EB oversees the coordination of the instruction of doctrine essential for the deployment of contingents in peace operations, one of the stages of the training of the troops of the MB for the UNIFIL. “But EsOPaPNaNav wishes to assume in the future all the tasks of preparation of the UNIFIL contingent, in accordance with the naval character of the mission, as well as the ability of the school to conduct any necessary instruction for the deployment of the contingents of the Marina in a peace operation, “he said.
The Captain of the CFN Adriano Amorim Filgueiras, who participates since the end of January 2018 in the FTM of the UNIFIL, prepared for the mission in EsOpPazNav. In Lebanon, the officer is responsible for the marine’s security detail of the Maritime Task Force Command and the Reaction Group for Asymmetric Threats.
For the Cap. Filgueiras, during the preparation of the EsOpPazNav, they were able to learn about the experiences transmitted by the training officers, anticipate probable similar scenarios, and transmit the determinations that are already established in the UN documents. “Under the atypical conditions that a combatant is accustomed to face, a more specific orientation was important,” he stressed. The training involved class cycles and lectures given by school instructors and guest officers with extensive experience in peace operations. “The expertise of those soldiers was fundamental in the preparation,” he concluded.